Selected readings on US charter schools
That question was on my mind when I drove to Detroit last week to visit University Preparatory Academy, the public charter school launched in 2000 by my old friend, Doug Ross.
Ross, a former state senator, Michigan Department of Commerce director and longtime educator, has a well-earned reputation as one of Michigan’s primary producers of great ideas.
He figured you could achieve remarkable learning results with young Detroiters if you started from scratch, recruited great teachers, put good principals in charge, and paid unceasing attention to the kids and their families. His first public charter, University Prep, opened with 112 sixth-graders in the basement of a church named, accidentally but appropriately, The Promised Land.
From there, his concept grew. University Prep Academy high school graduated its first class of seniors in 2007. The goal from the start was to admit young people by lottery — not just taking an elite slice of the best — and achieve a 90 percent graduation rate from high school and, of those, a 90 percent admission rate to college.
That sounded fantastic at the time. But both these goals have been regularly achieved since.
However, Ross’ hope that Detroit Public Schools would follow suit has, not surprisingly, failed to come to pass.
Ross was fortunate to find two great partners, Bob and Ellen Thompson, who have now donated a total of $110 million for University Prep facilities — money received after the Thompsons’ offer to build 15 new public high schools in Detroit was sabotaged by the teachers’ union. Today, the Thompsons’ tough-minded, low-key, low-ego generosity stands as a monument to private philanthropy in Michigan.
Today, all told, the University Prep effort includes two high schools (one, the academy; the other for math and science), one middle school and two elementary schools. Total enrollment today is around 3,200 children. That may seem like a small drop in the bucket, but is cause for significant hope in a city that needs — more than anything — good schools for poor and vulnerable kids.
I talked about where things stand with the University Prep idea with new CEO Mark Ornstein, an affable guy from Philadelphia who has the guts to wear a pink tie and a gray suit to the office.
“Our job now is to go from good to great,” Ornstein told me.
True, the passage of time has modified some of the lofty hopes for University Prep. Although more than 90 percent of graduates have been accepted at four-year universities, less than 20 percent have actually graduated, at this point. (This figure may be a bit low, given that data for six-year graduation rates are not yet in.)
The reasons are complex, Ornstein explained. Kids going to college away from home have trouble adapting to the new, less-nurturing environment. Plus, the assumption that all University Prep graduates should go to a four-year college may be unrealistic.
“We have lots of kids who tell us they’re interested in a less-academic setting or feel better suited to a community college experience,” he said.
When University Prep started, it was one of a few alternatives to Detroit Public Schools. Since then, however, there has been a flood of new charters in Detroit, all competing for enrollment that brings the $7,026-per-student grant from the state.
On top of that, area private schools like Cranbrook are increasingly interested in recruiting — some might say, raiding — academically qualified minority kids from the University Prep system. As a result, the retention rate (the percentage of kids who stay within the University Prep system) is lower than Ornstein would like.
Still, Doug Ross’ vision is a shining success story. I had lunch — brown rice with ham and beans, four celery sticks and an apple — with four seniors, all thoughtful, hopeful and articulate.
Some examples of what they told me:
• “Living in Detroit, you see street culture disrespecting kids who want to go to college, make something of yourself. I don’t like to see people of my color giving up on themselves.”
• “University Prep stretches you for sure, but there’s nothing they don’t do to help you succeed if you put in the effort.”
• “The food’s bad, and it’s a challenge to maintain your grades, but it’s all worth it.”
I came away from University Prep in awe of Doug Ross’ vision, of Bob and Ellen Thompson’s generosity, and the passion and dedication of the entire staff. They’re attacking the unfair and inaccurate stereotype that puts Detroit kids down.
What a great accomplishment towards a fantastic goal!
Source: Livingston Daily – by Phil Power