Selected readings on US charter schools
The bugler lifts the brass instrument to his mouth and waits. A short delay betrays the illusion, but then a recording of “Reveille” blares out from stereo speakers as the flag moves up the pole.
The call finishes, and the 17-year-old lowers his bugle.
“I’m taking lessons,” Jesiah Samora says. “I’ll be able to actually play it soon.”
Then the bleary-eyed middle and high school classmates march, mostly in step, toward their homerooms.
They are the first students at North Valley Military Institute, a Los Angeles Unified School District charter school that this year transformed from a traditional campus to one steeped in military-style values and structure.
The change came about because enrollment at the school known as North Valley Charter Academy began plummeting, partly due to the construction of new high schools nearby. Principal Diane French and other administrators sought a way to boost the student body’s numbers that also would fit with the school’s mission — academic excellence, democratic leadership and personal growth.
French visited the Oakland Military Institute, a charter started in 2001 by then-Mayor Jerry Brown. Impressed, she sought to replicate the program that boasts a 95 percent college attendance rate for its graduates.
In its first year, North Valley Military Institute has enrolled 260 students, up from about 190. Latino students make up about 80 percent of the attendees, and 82 percent of the school’s students are low-income. About 25 percent are special-education students.
The military aspect of the curriculum is overseen by the California Cadet Corps, the youth program of the California National Guard. Students enter the school as pledges and rise in rank as they master skills and develop leadership traits, said Steve Diab, California Cadet Corps captain and the school’s commandant.
Students are taught military courtesies — the use of “sir” and “ma’am,” when addressing their elders, for instance — operate under a rank structure and wear uniforms. Students lead platoons of their peers, do physical training twice a week and follow a demerit system.
“We’re using the military structure to get kids to go to college,” French said. “It teaches them self-reliance, self-discipline, leadership — all attributes needed for success in college.”
L.A. Unified’s charter school division initially had some concerns about the program. Among them were that students needed to be able to work off disciplinary demerits and that the school would be open to all students who wished to attend, said Jose Cole-Gutierrez, the division head.
North Valley officials agreed to those conditions.
Each morning, four students — one representing each company: Alpha, Bravo, Charlie and Delta — stand watch over the front entrance of the school.
They eye the students, searching for flaws in uniforms, for closely cropped hair on the boys and tightly pinned-back hair on the girls. Colored nail polish is prohibited, but makeup is allowed in moderation.
Any infraction constitutes a demerit, and each demerit lands a student 15 minutes of detention, which the school calls a “reboot.”
The military influence has led to some confusion in the surrounding neighborhood. Some parents believe the school is a boot camp for troubled teens or is run by the military.
But there are no recruiters on campus, and the focus is college preparation, officials said.
But North Valley has sparked the interest of some students in a military career.
Last year, junior Mireya Orozco said, she would ditch class nearly every day to drink and get high. Her grades were falling and she figured she’d soon drop out. The change to the military school made her even less interested in school. “It was so annoying,” she said. “I didn’t want to do any of the military stuff.”
But slowly, Mireya said, she fell in line. Her mother noticed she was more polite at home, her grades got better and she ditched the bad behavior. She now wants to enlist in the Navy after graduating.
“I like the discipline of it,” Mireya said. “It has taught me self-control.”
Source: Ashland Daily Tidings – by Stephen Ceasar, Los Angeles Times