Selected readings on US charter schools
Harlem Hebrew Language Academy Charter School in Manhattan and Sela in Washington, D.C. are among three new schools affiliated with the New York-based Hebrew Charter School Center (HCSC) opening this school year: the other one, in San Diego, opened last week.
Another Hebrew charter school, Eleanor Kolitz Hebrew Academy, opened this month in San Antonio, replacing a Jewish day school.
Meanwhile, the nation’s first Hebrew charter school — Ben Gamla in Hollywood, Fla., — is under review by local authorities in the aftermath of a JTA article about its founder, former U.S. Rep. Peter Deutsch (D-Fla.).
Hebrew charter schools are publicly funded, tuition-free schools that teach Hebrew language and some secular aspects of Israeli and Jewish culture.
Neither Eleanor Kolitz nor Ben Gamla is affiliated with HCSC, which is funded primarily by American Jewish philanthropists, but seeks to support schools serving racially and religiously diverse populations. (Its school in Brooklyn is 40 percent African American.)
Ben Gamla Hollywood, founded in 2007, is one of four Ben Gamla Hebrew charter schools, all in South Florida. A fifth, in Florida’s Pinellas County, closed after one year of operation. The Ben Gamla network schools are open to children of all backgrounds, but the majority of their student are believed to be Jewish.
According to the Miami Herald, the Broward School Board has forwarded a local woman’s complaint about Ben Gamla to the district’s Charter School Department “for review and response.” Charlotte Greenbarg of Hollywood, Fla., contacted board members after reading a recent JTA article about Deutsch and Ben Gamla schools, expressing concern about a line that says Deutsch claims that 80 percent of the schools’ budget “serves Jewish communal purposes.”
The Jewish Week visited all four Ben Gamla schools and interviewed Deutsch extensively in 2012; in a March 2012 article, it wrote that “when it comes to church-state separation, these schools adhere strictly to the letter of the law. However, they arguably push as close to the border of what’s allowable as possible, and some of their practices might raise a few eyebrows.”
In addition to serving a majority-Jewish student body, the Jewish Week article noted, three Ben Gamla schools are located in space leased from Jewish institutions and three have Jewish principals. One replaced a Jewish day school, enrolling the majority of that school’s students and hiring more than half of its teachers. The Jewish Week reported at the time that, other than a skirmish over the Hebrew textbooks in use at Ben Gamla Hollywood the Ben Gamla schools “have encountered no legal challenges and only minimal public criticism recently.”
Source: The Jewish Week – by Julie Wiener